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  Optional arguments in PHP function


In PHP, we can define our own functions which can accept optional number of arguments. In this kind of functions, the optional argument should be set with default value.Fox example, the next code example will illustrate this:<?php function func($name,$type=NULL) { echo "$name $type"; } func("Hello"); echo "<br />"; func("Hello","world"); echo "<br />";?>Here $type is an optional argument. It must be set with a default value either NULL or some other value. Quite simple....

   PHP,optional,arguments,user defined func     2011-03-28 12:35:20


  A C++ program puzzle


Recently I came across a question asked by wang2191195 on a Chinese IT forum CSDN which asks about a C++ program puzzle. He has a code snippet which cannot be compiled. The code is:#include <cstdlib> #include <iostream> using namespace std; class Base{ public: virtual void func(){ cout << "Base::func()" << endl; } virtual int func( int num ){ cout << "Base::func( int " << num << " )" << endl; return 0; ...

   C++,Puzzle,Hide,Overload     2012-05-13 02:31:26


  How the Go language improves expressiveness without sacrificing runtime performance


This week there was a discussion on the golang-nuts mailing list about an idiomatic way to update a slice of structs. For example, consider this struct representing a set of counters. type E struct { A, B, C, D int } var e = make([]E, 1000) Updating these counters may take the form for i := range e { e[i].A += 1 e[i].B += 2 e[i].C += 3 e[i].D += 4 } Which is good idiomatic Go code. It's pretty fast too BenchmarkManual 500000 ...

   Go,Expressiveness,Performace,Sacrifice     2012-02-12 04:53:55


  Case sensitivity in PHP


Case sensitivity in PHP is a bit messy. We recommend that you stick to the case sensitive rule in any language. Here we share some case sensitivity cases in PHP.1. Case sensitive1.1 Variable name is case sensitiveAll variables names are case sensitive, these include normal variables and superglobals such as $_GET,$_POST,$_REQUEST,$_COOKIE,$_SESSION,$_GLOBALS etc.<?php$abc = 'abcd';echo $abc; //Output 'abcd'echo $aBc; //No outputecho $ABC; //No output1.2 Constant name by default is case sensit...

   PHP,Case sensitivity,Summary     2012-06-25 05:48:17


  PHP advisory file lock : flock


When we process a file in PHP, we may often need to acquire a lock so that other scripts cannot edit the same file at the same time. There is a flock() function in PHP which can help us lock the file we want to process. But there is one issue we should take care. Recently, ffb encountered one issue while he was trying to lock a file handle. The codes are below: $filename = "/tmp/lock.txt";      $fp = fopen($filename, "r+");   if (!$fp...

   flock(),advisory locking,PHP     2013-04-23 11:42:48


  Name resolution order in JavaScript


To understand what value a variable has in JavaScript, we need to understand some concepts such as scope and name resolution order. JavaScript has two scopes; one is program level and the other one is function level. Unlike in C,C++ or Java, JavaScript has no block level scope. So a variable defined in a if block will still be available outside. For example, the below example: var foo = 1; function bar() { if (true) { var foo = 10; } alert(foo); } bar(); The alert will display 10 since the ...

   JavaScript,Scope,Name resolution     2013-07-10 01:29:28


  A trick of building multithreaded application on Solaris


Firstly, Let’s see a simple multithreaded application: #include <stdio.h> #include <pthread.h> #include <errno.h> void *thread1_func(void *p_arg) { errno = 0; sleep(3); errno = 1; printf("%s exit, errno is %d\n", (char*)p_arg, errno); } void *thread2_func(void *p_arg) { errno = 0; sleep(5); printf("%s exit, errno is %d\n", (char*)p_arg, errno); } int main(void) { pthread_t t1, t2; ...

   C, Solaris     2014-10-14 02:59:40


  Python internals: how callables work


[The Python version described in this article is 3.x, more specifically - the 3.3 alpha release of CPython.] The concept of a callable is fundamental in Python. When thinking about what can be "called", the immediately obvious answer is functions. Whether it’s user defined functions (written by you), or builtin functions (most probably implemented in C inside the CPython interpreter), functions were meant to be called, right? Well, there are also methods, but they’re not very interestin...

   Python,Callable work,Rationale     2012-03-24 05:20:27


  Learning Go


This year I'm going to try a new programming language - Go. I had this notion that compiled, type based languages are overly complex and reduces developer efficiency. However, after doing some reading about Go, it appeared to take a different path from the rest and felt like something worth trying. Acquainting a programming language is a journey. First few steps you take with it will define your perception about it. These first few steps went well for me with Go and it felt lik...

   Go,Google,Learning,Resource     2012-01-05 08:09:55


  PHP function overloading puzzle clearer


PHP's meaning of overloading is different than Java's. In PHP, overloading means that you are able to add object members at runtime, by implementing some of the __magic methods, like __get, __set, __call, __callStatic. You load objects with new members. Overloading in PHP provides means to dynamically "create" properties and methods. These dynamic entities are processed via magic methods one can establish in a class for various action types. Some example:class Foo{    p...

   PHP,function overloading,OOP,default val     2011-07-11 03:24:30