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  Optional arguments in PHP function


In PHP, we can define our own functions which can accept optional number of arguments. In this kind of functions, the optional argument should be set with default value.Fox example, the next code example will illustrate this:<?php function func($name,$type=NULL) { echo "$name $type"; } func("Hello"); echo "<br />"; func("Hello","world"); echo "<br />";?>Here $type is an optional argument. It must be set with a default value either NULL or some other value. Quite simple....

   PHP,optional,arguments,user defined func     2011-03-28 12:35:20


  Understanding Twitter Bootstrap 3


On 27, July, Twitter Bootstrap 3 RC 1 was released, if there are no major bugs found in this release, then it will be the final released Twitter Bootstrap 3 with some minor changes. What changes does Bootstrap 3 have compared to Bootstrap 2? After checking the documents, we can find that there are mainly 3 changes. Embrace flat design In Bootstrap 3, it begins to embrace flat design. First from the official webpage of Bootstrap 3, we can find elements are flat designed. Also, all buttons have no...

   Bootstrap 3,Change,Bootstrap 2     2013-08-05 07:06:22


  The story behind Twitter Bootstrap


Bootstrap is a free front end framework used for creating websites and web applications. It contains HTML and CSS-based design templates for typography, forms, buttons, navigation and other interface components, as well as optional JavaScript extensions. It now becomes a very popular front end frameworks for web designers. This framework was developed by Mark Otto and Jacob Thornton at Twitter. Later this framework was open sourced and hosted on GitHub and it now becomes one of the most popular ...

   Open source,Bootstrap     2013-12-16 08:14:22


  Meet the new Gmail inbox


On 29 May, Google announced the new Gmail inbox. The biggest change is users can categorize their mails. Today the new Gmail inbox is finally available. Now we can put a lot of different types of email: messages from friends, social notifications, deals and offers, confirmations and receipts, and more into different categories. By default, Gmail provides three different tabs : Primary, Social and Promotions at the inbox page. You can know what to read and what are the priority mails as a glance....

   Gmail,New inbox     2013-07-17 20:06:10


  Beginners guide to Linux directory structure


Have you ever looked in your / directory, you’ll see a lot of directories. Here we are presenting beginners guide to linux directory structure explaining what they mean and what are the contents of these directories.Screenshot of contents of root directory: /This is called root partition. All files and directories start with root partition. Write privileges under this directory are avaible with root user only. Not to confuse it with root user’s home directory, know the difference...

   Linux,File system structure,Beginner's guide     2012-04-20 12:19:32


  New HTTP status code: 451 Unavailable for Legal Reasons


On June 11th,2012, Google proposed a new HTTP status code to indicate webpage contents which are not conform to law. The new HTTP status code is 451 Unavailable for Legal Reasons. Google Android Developer Advocate Tim Bray submitted the draft for the new HTTP status code, it will be used on some webpages which can not be served because of legal reasons. Visitors will know that the page cannot be seen because of the government censorship.According to the draft, responses using this status code sh...

   HTTP status,451,Tim Bray     2012-06-12 09:07:44


  Today in history : Steve Wozniak invented Apple I in 1975


The original Apple Computer, also known retroactively as the Apple I, or Apple-1, is a personal computer invented by Steve Wozniak ion 29th June, 1975. Wozniak's friend Steve Jobs had the idea of selling the computer. Features:CPU : MCStek 6502CPU Speed : 1MHzBus Speed : 1MHzMemory : 8KbResolution : 60.05 Hz, 40*24 charactersPower : 58WPrice : $666.66The Apple I went on sale in July 1976 at a price of US$666.66, because Wozniak "liked repeating digits" and because they originally sold it to a lo...

   Apple I,History,Steve Wozniak     2012-06-29 06:00:08


  What else is new in C# 5?


The big new feature in C# 5 is asynchronous programming support, which I wrote about last week. However, the C# folks have also slipped in a couple of smaller features and I thought I’d round things out by mentioning those. Method caller information There’s a complete style guide to be written on Writing Enterprisey Code, but one of my favourite “enterprisey” tells, after the use of Visual Basic, is obsessively logging every function you pass through: Function AddTwoNumbers(a As I...

   C# 5,New feature,Analysis     2012-03-20 07:45:11


  Data as code


What is a good command line parser API? A good command line parser should consider below 5 aspects: Support convenient help information generation Support sub commands, for example, git has push,pull,commit sub commands. Support single character option, word option, flag option and option with parameter. Support default option, for example, if no -port is set, set it as 5037 Support usage model, for example, tar's -c and -x is mutually exclusive, they belong to different usage models. Here are...

   Command line,API     2013-08-08 22:40:36


  Install and setup vsftpd on AWS server


When developing websites, frequently we may need to upload source codes to the remote server. To ease of thew work, many website developers set up FTPs to upload the files. This post is a tutorial on how to install and setup vsftpd on a server. vsftpd is a very popular FTP service on Unix-like systems. Open command terminal, then install the vftpd by issuing command yum install vsftpd or sudo apt-get install vsftpd After installing the vsftpd, the config file needs to be updated based on the ope...

   FTP,vsftpd,AWS,Passive,Active     2015-02-02 02:20:27