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  Resolving error "SSL certificate problem: self signed certificate in certificate chain"


In a PHP application, cURL is frequently used to make connection to remote server to request some resource. It can be used to transfer data with different protocols such as HTTP, HTTPS, FTP etc. While using cURL in PHP, someone may get an error with message similar to "SSL certificate problem: self signed certificate in certificate chain". This may happen when cURL tries to make a SSL connection server and the server returns a server certificate which is self-signed and it's not trusted by the c...

   PHP,SSL,CURL,TWILIO     2016-06-26 07:17:23


  Useful functions to provide secure PHP application


Security is a very important aspect of programming. There are many functions or modules in any kind of real programming language providing security functionalities  In modern websites, we may often get inputs form users all around the world.There is a famous saying which says that never trust user input. So in web programming languages, we will often see functions which will guarantee the security of the data input from users. Today we will cover some of these functions in the most famous o...

   PHP,security,SQL Injection,XSS,AJAX     2014-10-30 04:21:59


  php://input in PHP


When using xml-rpc, server side will get the data from client with php://input method instead of $_POST. Hence today we will discuss php://input. PHP official manual has below explanation to php://input: “php://input allows you to read raw POST data. It is a less memory intensive alternative to $HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA and does not need any special php.ini directives. php://input is not available with enctype=”multipart/form-data”. Here we und...

   php://input, IO, input     2013-02-25 20:43:00


  Using JSON in PHP


Currently JSON has become one of the most popular data exchange formats. Many website APIs support it. Since PHP 5.2, PHP provides json_encode() and json_decode() method to handle JSON encoding and decoding.1. json_encode()This function is used to transform array and objects to JSON format. First let's look one array example.        $arr = array ('a'=>1,'b'=>2,'c'=>3,'d'=>4,'e'=>5);   echo json_encode($arr);the result is{"a":1,"b":2,"c":3,"...

   JSON,PHP,json_decode(0,json_encode()     2012-05-06 06:04:42


  Output a file with HTTP range header in PHP


When downloading a large file, we may encounter some network issues which causes download termination and only part of the file is downloaded. When the network connection resumes next time, we may need to redownload the file again from the beginning. In order to save bandwidth, http provides a Range parameter in its header which can control the file transfer flow. With the range parameter in the header, we can resume the download from where we stop. Here is a piece of PHP code snippet which uses...

   PHP, range,http, file transfer     2013-01-09 05:55:05


  Handy PHP functions should be in your toolkit


When developing projects, there are always some common work should be accomplished, for example, encrption/decryption, get IP. As a PHP developer, you should have a list of the handy functions in your toolkit so that you can pick up in every project you work on. Here is a summary of some handy PHP functions. 1. PHP encryption/decryption Encryption/decryption can be used when storing user confidential information such as passwords. Below function uses base64 and MD5 to accomplish encryption/decry...

   PHP,function,real IP,SQL injection     2014-12-06 08:46:08


  New features in PHP 5.5


Just a few days ago, the PHP official website was redesigned. It seems we directly go from Web 1.0 era to Web 2.0 era. In addition to this new change, PHP 5.5 was also released. Some new features are added in this release. Here we summarize some of them. Enable OPCache by default When installing PHP 5.5, the Zend OPCache will be compiled as OPCache by default and OPCache is enabled by default. Some changes to the language itself Add Generator function getLinesFromFile($fileName) { if (!$file...

   PHP 5.5,New features,Generator     2013-07-05 03:13:22


  Top 10 Best Free PHP Frameworks of 2015


Like it or not, PHP is still, the most celebrated as well as an influential platform which is widely admired for its brilliant HTML, database integration support, intuitive features, and simple in learning too. Using diverse PHP frameworks, developers can create robust, effective, well- defined and stable web application with an ease and therefore, saving towards development cost is possible.   In essence, these frameworks facilitate scalability and enduring maintenance by obeying developm...

   PHP FRAMWORKS,CAKEPHP,LARAVEL,CODEIGNITER,ZEND ,PHALCONPHP,YII ,FUELPHP,SYMFONY,PHPIXIE,SLIM     2015-10-02 04:56:03


  PHP to get access token for Sina Weibo app


Previously I wrote two articles about getting access token for Facebook and Twitter apps using PHP. Today I will write one more article about getting access token for Sina Weibo app using PHP. OAuth 2.0 is now the authorization mechanism of Sina Weibo API. The API authorization process is similar to the process of Twitter. It has basically two steps: 1. Authorization; 2. Get access token. 1. Create an app. I hope you know how to create an app in Sina Weibo now. If not. You can access this page ...

   PHP,access token,Sina Weibo     2013-05-16 12:07:39


  Workaround size limit of phpMyAdmin import sql file


When doing website development with MySQL, we often need to do database backup and restore. For website, the data in database will grow quickly, so when we back up the database, the size of the generated sql file may be over 80MB which is the max allowed size when we want to import a sql file for restoring our database using phpMyAdmin. To workaround this limit, we need to review the documentation of phpMyAdmin. Fortunately, I found an online article written by David Pratt  which gave us a ...

   MySQL,phpMySQLAdmin,80M,import,solution,limit     2014-08-14 09:59:27