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  Microsoft is the 17th largest contributor to Linux


The Linux Foundation has released 2012 Linux White Paper which analyzes developers and contributors of the Linux kernel from 2.6.36 to 3.2.The top ten contributors are: Red Hat, Intel, Novell, IBM, Texas Instruments, Broadcom, Nokia, Samsung, Oracle, and Google. The software giant Microsoft's contribution ranked at 17, while the company's CEO Steve Ballmer has claimed previously that Linux is a cancer. Microsoft engineers have contributed 688 patches, which are mostly related to Hyper-V vir...

   Linux,Microsoft,Contribution     2012-04-05 07:43:19


  Shortest command on Linux


Usually when we log in to a Linux system,. we may type some frequently used Linux commands such as pwd,ls, ps etc. All these commands are really simple but powerful with different options. But do you know what is the shortest command on Linux? The answer is w. According to Linux manual, w will show who is logged on and what they are doing on the system. w displays information about the users currently on the machine, and their processes. The header shows, in this order, the current time, how l...

   Linux,w,shortest command     2014-04-30 11:07:38


  My frequently used Linux commands


In our day to day work. We may have many chances working on Linux/Unix systems. There are many things we may need to do, checking logs, navigating in directories, creating file or installing software. We may use many commands to complete the work, such as ls, mkdir, cd etc. Below are my frequently used Linux commands or programs recently: pwd : print working directory, sometimes I need to check which working directory I am in in order to know where to go next. ls : List current directory files,...

   Linux,Command,Program     2012-08-16 15:09:42


  New Linux kernel fixes power-saving issues


Greg Kroah-Hartman has released long-term kernel 3.0.20 and stable kernel 3.2.5. Both contain just a single bug fix that allows PCIe power-saving technology ASPM (Active State Power Management) to be used on systems with a BIOS that activates ASPM on some components, but states in the FADT (Fixed ACPI Description Table) consulted by Linux that ASPM is not supported. According to Matthew Garrett, who developed the patch, the change can reduce the power consumption of a Thinkpad X220 by 5&nbs...

   Linux kernel,Power saving,Fix     2012-02-08 10:10:36


  Books for entry level C programmers


In computing, C is a general-purpose programming language initially developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at Bell Labs Its design provides constructs that map efficiently to typical machine instructions, and therefore it found lasting use in applications that had formerly been coded in assembly language, most notably system software like the Unix computer operating system.To learn C, we need to read many C books and have many practices. Here we summarize a list of C books which may h...

   C,Book,Beginning     2012-07-26 14:00:51


  What are some lesser known but useful Unix commands?


A few that come to mind, some less known, some more: xargs or parallel: run things in parallel, with lots of options sed and awk: more well-known but still super useful for processing text files, and faster than Python or Ruby m4: simple macro processor screen: powerful terminal multiplexing and session persistence yes: print a string a lot cal: nice calendar env: run a command (useful in scripts) look: find English words (or lines in a file) beginning with a string cut and paste and join: data...

   Linux,Unix,Command,Less used     2011-12-27 09:27:49


  Beginners guide to Linux directory structure


Have you ever looked in your / directory, you’ll see a lot of directories. Here we are presenting beginners guide to linux directory structure explaining what they mean and what are the contents of these directories.Screenshot of contents of root directory: /This is called root partition. All files and directories start with root partition. Write privileges under this directory are avaible with root user only. Not to confuse it with root user’s home directory, know the difference...

   Linux,File system structure,Beginner's guide     2012-04-20 12:19:32


  About tmpfs


tmpfs is another confusing name in Linux kernel, its implementation is in mm/shmem.c, shmem has no relation to tmpfs at first glance although we know tmpfs is based on memory. We can understand why we use this name by seeing where this is used. In a desktop Linux system, tmpfs is loaded usually: % grep tmpfs /proc/mountsdevtmpfs /dev devtmpfs rw,seclabel,nosuid,relatime,size=1958956k,nr_inodes=489739,mode=755 0 0tmpfs /dev/shm tmpfs rw,seclabel,nosuid,nodev,relatime 0 0tmpfs /run tmpfs rw,seclab...

   tmpfs,Linux,file system     2013-06-14 12:10:56


  Configure a PHP web server on CentOS


Are you used to use cPanel or Plesk on VPS for your PHP website management? If for some reason you don't want to use them? What can you do? How do you maintain your website? How do you access Emails, use FTP to upload files or use phpMyAdmin to manage your databases? You may need to configure all these services yourself on a VPS without cPanel or Plesk or other similar apps.But to configure all these services on a Linux server is not an easy job. You may spend many nights but still fail to get s...

   Cron,Linux,CentOS,Email,FTP,MySQL     2012-07-08 06:01:56


  Use rsync to delete mass files quickly in Linux


Yesterday I encountered an issue to delete many log files in my Linux workstation, there were around 100,000 files to be deleted. These are log files and they grow very fast, and we need to delete them frequently. Usually we would use rm -rf * to delete these files, but we may need to wait for a relative long time if there are too many files. So we must adopt some unusual way. Fortunately, we can use rsync to delete mass files in one shot. 1. Install rsync yum install rsync 2. Create a new empty...

   rsync,delete file, demo     2012-11-13 10:44:50