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#### Hexadecimal and long in Java

Today I encountered a hexadecimal operation problem when I was implementing a bit reverse function for integer type. Basically in the implementation, there is an operation which is to do the bit operation & between one long integer and a hexadecimal number 0x00000000FFFFFFFFF. I was expecting that the high 32 bits of the long integer will be zeroed. But unfortunately I didn't get the expected result. The basic implementation is: long num=0x00F0_0000; num = (num>>16) | (num<<16); ...

Hexadecimal,long,Java,bitwise operation 2014-06-18 23:44:32

#### Java AbstractMethodError explained and demonstrated

According to Oracle Java API documentation, AbstractMethodError is a kind of runtime error where the application is having some incompatible changes which leads to a missing implementation of an abstract method. Below is the official description. Thrown when an application tries to call an abstract method. Normally, this error is caught by the compiler; this error can only occur at run time if the definition of some class has incompatibly changed since the currently executing method was last co...

JAVA,ABSTRACTMETHODERROR 2016-07-22 22:03:20

#### Implementation of Tower of Hanoi

The Tower of Hanoi is a mathematical game or puzzle. It consists of three rods, and a number of disks of different sizes which can slide onto any rod. The puzzle starts with the disks in a neat stack in ascending order of size on one rod, the smallest at the top, thus making a conical shape. The objective of the puzzle is to move the entire stack to another rod, obeying the following rules: Only one disk may be moved at a time. Each move consists of taking the upper disk fro...

Algorithm,Tower of Hanoi 2012-08-20 02:15:55

#### The 9 lines of code of Google

Are you still remembering the then hot debated news about Oracle suing Google allegedly copying a small portion of codes from Oracle's Java in 2010. At that time, Oracle experts estimated that Google owes Oracle between $1.4 billion and $6 billion in damages if liable. But the court thought Oracle was eligible only for statutory damages for that copying, which were not expected to exceed a few hundred thousand dollars. At last, Oracle agreed the zero damage result. Are you curious about whi...

Google,Java,Open source 2014-08-15 20:29:52

#### Java API vs Framework

What is the difference between a Java Library and a framework? The two concepts are essentially important for a Java developer. The most important difference between a library and a framework is Inversion of Control. It means that when you call a library you are in control. But with a framework, the control is inverted: the framework calls you. (This is called the Hollywood Principle: Don’t call Us, We’ll call You.) This is pretty much the definition of a framework. Basically, all the...

Difference,API,Framework,Library,Java 2011-12-19 13:40:33

#### Permutation implementation in Java

Permutation is a very basic and important mathematic concept we learned in school. It has very practical applications in real world. For example, in football. In simple, permutation describes all possible ways of doing something. For example, there are six permutations of the set {1,2,3}, namely: (1,2,3), (1,3,2), (2,1,3), (2,3,1), (3,1,2), and (3,2,1). In general, for n items, there are n! number of permutations to arrange these items. How can we implement this algorithm in programming programm...

Permutation,Implementation,Java,Sample 2015-03-26 02:18:14

#### Tomcat vs. Apache: Why One Over the Other?

When determining which type of web server to use, the differences and technical details can be daunting. It can be a difficult task to compare web servers and make the decision on which is best for you and your project. Since Apache is currently the most popular web server, this article will discuss the differences between the Apache Web Server and Apache Tomcat, which are very different and fulfill different needs.The Apache Web Server, often just called “Apache” or “httpd”, ...

Apache,Tomcat,Choice,Web server 2012-03-23 12:01:25

#### Why Data Structures Matter

Our experience on Day 0 of JPR11 yielded a nice example of the need to choose an appropriate implementation of an abstract concept. As I mentioned in the previous post, we experimented with Michael Barker’s Scala implementation of Guy Steele’s parallelizable word-splitting algorithm (slides 51-67). Here’s the core of the issue. Given a type-compatible associative operator and sequence of values, we can fold the operator over the sequence to obtain a single accumulated value. For exam...

Data structure,JPR,Importance 2012-01-08 10:13:56

#### Implementation of +,-,*,/ with bitwise operator

There is a question asked on Stackoverflow : Divide a number by 3 without using *,/,+,-,% operators. This question is an Oracle interview question. Some people give excellent answers. You can go there and take a look. Usually we need to use bitwise operators to do this kind of implementations. Here I want to show you ways to implement +,-,*,/ with bitwise operators. A bitwise operation operates on one or more bit patterns or binary numerals at the level of their individual bits. It is a fast, pr...

Bitwise operator,Shift,Add,Subtract,Multiplication,Division 2012-08-05 01:52:47

#### Arrays.equals() vs MessageDigest.isEqual()

Both Arrays.equals() and MessageDigest.isEqual() are used to compare the equality of two arrays. They can be interchangeably in many cases. However, they do have some differences which lead to different use cases in real applications. One difference is that the arrays passed to MessageDigest.isEqual() cannot be null while it's ok for Arrays.equals(). The one major difference between these two methods is that Arrays.equals() is not time-constant while MessageDigest.isEqual() is time-constant. Thi...

Arrays.equal(),MessageDigest.isEqual(),Java,Security 2015-05-14 22:03:29

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