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  JavaScript: Private variables


The first thing you often hear when talking about JavaScript is often “JavaScript doesn’t have visibility modifiers, hence it doesn’t support private variables”. This is only valid for 50%, because JavaScript indeed doesn’t have visibility modifiers (public, private, friend) but it has closures and function scopes. With these tools we can make variables private. Let’s take the following function: var names = ["Kenneth", "John", "Marc", "Robert"]; var lookup =...

   JavaScript,private variable,closure     2012-04-28 11:46:34


  strange thing in PHP session variable and local variable


A few minutes ago, I noticed one strange thing when I did my PHP web application development.The situation is described below:I want to display a user's profile using a query parameter user=user_id as the parameter. And also the session variable when user logs in  is $_SESSION["user"].So before displaying the user's profile, I need to either get the query string parameter user and create a local variable called $user and assign value to it as $user=$_REQUEST["user"].Here comes the strange t...

   PHP,session,variable name,change automat     2011-06-13 12:23:59


  Three ways to define class in JavaScript


In object oriented programming, class is the template of object, it defines the properties and methods of a group of objects. Unfortunately, JavaScript doesn't support class, but we can have some workarounds to simulate class.1. Constructor functionThis is the classical approach, it is also the approach mentioned in many text books. It uses the constructor function to simulate class and it uses the keyword this to represent the object internally.function Cat() {  this.name = "Kelly";}when cr...

   JavaScript,Class,Method,Private,Inheritance     2012-07-09 11:59:51


  this in JavaScript in detail


this in JavaScript is always confusing, it is one of the most frequently seen traps in JavaScript. this is not a good design in JavaScript(You can refer some other design flaws of JavaScript here), since it's lazy binding feature, it can be a global object, the current object or.... Some people even avoid using this in JavaScript. Actually if you master how this works, then you will know how to stay away from these traps. Let's take a look at what this points to in below situations. 1. In global...

   JavaScript,this,bind     2013-05-09 18:35:12


  Sort an array with only one local variable


Array sorting algorithm question is frequently asked during technical interviews. There are lots of sort algorithms including bubble sort, selection sort, insertion sort, quick sort, merge sort etc. Usually interviewees will be asked to implement sort algorithms. But have you ever been asked to sort an array which you are allowed to define ONLY ONE local variable in your algorithm?  Bubble sort can be used to do this actually. Normally a bubble sort algorithm may need three local ...

   JAVASCRIPT,ALGORITHM,SORTING,BUBBLE SORT     2016-10-07 09:46:49


  Name resolution order in JavaScript


To understand what value a variable has in JavaScript, we need to understand some concepts such as scope and name resolution order. JavaScript has two scopes; one is program level and the other one is function level. Unlike in C,C++ or Java, JavaScript has no block level scope. So a variable defined in a if block will still be available outside. For example, the below example: var foo = 1; function bar() { if (true) { var foo = 10; } alert(foo); } bar(); The alert will display 10 since the ...

   JavaScript,Scope,Name resolution     2013-07-10 01:29:28


  Can private method be overridden?


The private methods are not inherited by subclasses and you cannot be overridden by subclasses. According to Java Language Specification (8.4.8.3 Requirements in Overriding and Hiding), "Note that a private method cannot be hidden or overridden in the technical sense of those terms. This means that a subclass can declare a method with the same signature as a private method in one of its superclasses, and there is no requirement that the return type or throws&nb...

   Java,Private method,overridding,impossib     2011-10-06 03:57:14


  HeartBleed: Inside the heart, what happens to a normal WEB user?


To be brief, our email, IM, facebook etc. are at the risk, so try to minimize the access in these few days. Especially we should try to avoid log into our internet-banking, because we may expose our user id and password. Also later when the service providers fix the bug, we would better to change a new password for all the web accounts that are important to us. Here comes the technical explanation. You might notice before that a lot of websites use URL starting with "https". For example, https:/...

   HeartBleed,Analysis     2014-04-09 22:41:43


  When to use STDERR instead of STDOUT


Every process is initialized with three open file descriptors, stdin, stdout, and stderr. stdin is an abstraction for accepting input (from the keyboard or from pipes) and stdout is an abstraction for giving output (to a file, to a pipe, to a console). That's a very simplified explanation but true nonetheless. Those three file descriptors are collectively called 'The Standard Streams'. Where does stderr come from? It's fairly straightforward to understand why stdin and stdout exist, however ...

   UNIX,STDERR,STDOUT,Difference     2012-01-14 12:07:43


  Singleton Design Pattern in Java


Singleton is frequently used in applications where resource may be expensive to create and no instance specific state needs to be maintained. For example, when creating database connection, a singleton may be needed. Today we will share the famous Singleton design pattern in Java. 1. Definition Singleton design pattern is a design pattern that restricts the instantiation of a class to one object. It is one of the most well-known design patterns. 2. Application Singleton ...

   JAVA,DESIGN PATTERN,SINGLETON,MULTITHREAD     2015-11-23 01:20:49