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  Output control functions in PHP


The Output Control functions in PHP allow you to control when output is sent from the script. This can be useful in several different situations, especially if you need to send headers to the browser after your script has began outputting data. The Output Control functions do not affect headers sent using header() or setcookie(), only functions such as echo and data between blocks of PHP code. These output control functions include ob_start(0, ob_clean(),ob_get_contents(), etc. To be honest, I a...

   PHP,output buffer,relationship,ob     2012-06-15 10:11:58


  Case sensitivity in PHP


Case sensitivity in PHP is a bit messy. We recommend that you stick to the case sensitive rule in any language. Here we share some case sensitivity cases in PHP.1. Case sensitive1.1 Variable name is case sensitiveAll variables names are case sensitive, these include normal variables and superglobals such as $_GET,$_POST,$_REQUEST,$_COOKIE,$_SESSION,$_GLOBALS etc.<?php$abc = 'abcd';echo $abc; //Output 'abcd'echo $aBc; //No outputecho $ABC; //No output1.2 Constant name by default is case sensit...

   PHP,Case sensitivity,Summary     2012-06-25 05:48:17


  PHP to output string to client terminal


It is a common task to echo messages to the user using PHP. There are lots of ways where the message can be echoed to the client terminal(browser or console window) through PHP. These includes some well know debug methods like var_dump() and var_export() etc. In this post, we will show you some other methods shared by Laruence, one of the core members of PHP development team. 1. echo First comes with the most common one : echo. $str = "Hello PHP\n"; echo $str; 2. print Then comes another c...

   TRICKS,DEBUG,OUTPUT,PHP     2015-10-01 03:16:56


  Launch Java process programmatically in Java


In some cases while working on some automation testcase, developers would like to launch Java process programmatically so that the tests can be ran without manual intervention. Java provides such methods to achieve this. ProcessBuilder can be used to build a Java process which can be launched when everything is ready. Basically it can take a list of parameters which are similar to the command line options/arguments.  For example, if you want to launch a Java process, you can do followi...

   JAVA,PROCESSBUILDER,COMMAND LINE     2016-04-27 04:03:30


  Hexadecimal and long in Java


Today I encountered a hexadecimal operation problem when I was implementing a bit reverse function for integer type. Basically in the implementation, there is an operation which is to do the bit operation & between one long integer and a hexadecimal number 0x00000000FFFFFFFFF. I was expecting that the high 32 bits of the long integer will be zeroed. But unfortunately I didn't get the expected result. The basic implementation is: long num=0x00F0_0000; num = (num>>16) | (num<<16); ...

   Hexadecimal,long,Java,bitwise operation     2014-06-18 23:44:32


  What does session_destroy() do in PHP?


In PHP manual, the description for session_destroy() function is : session_destroy() destroys all of the data associated with the current session. It does not unset any of the global variables associated with the session, or unset the session cookie. To use the session variables again, session_start() has to be called. I am confused about this description. If this function destroys all session data, then why the global variables associated with the session are not unset? Why can we u...

   session_destroy,session_start     2013-08-31 09:59:05


  jsonSerialize() in extended class


Since PHP 5.4.0, there is a convenient interface JsonSerializable which can be used to indicate that a PHP object can be serialized to JSON object. It has only one method which should be implemented by any class which implements this interface. The method is named jsonSerialize(). It's really easy to serialize an object to JSON object. Here is one example: <?php class ArrayValue implements JsonSerializable { public function __construct(array $array) { $this->array = $array; ...

   JSON,jsonSerialize,Inheritance,extends     2014-07-26 05:54:00


  Understand this in JavaScript


In JavaScript, this is always pointing to the owner of a function or a method. Function Let's check out function first. function introduce() {      alert("Hello, I am Laruence\r\n"); } For this function, what does this point to? In JavaScript, a global function's owner is the current page, i.e, the window object. Because its a method of the window object if we define a global function. Now you should know the this will point to the window object in the above function. ...

   JavaScript,this,event,call     2013-04-03 04:10:03


  Different types of keystore in Java -- JCEKS


JCEKS stands for Java Cryptography Extension KeyStore and it is an alternative keystore format for the Java platform. Storing keys in a KeyStore can be a measure to prevent your encryption keys from being exposed. Java KeyStores securely contain individual certificates and keys that can be referenced by an alias for use in a Java program. The process of storing and loading different entries in JCEKS is similar to what JKS does. So please refer to the article Different types of keystore in Java -...

   Java,KeyStore,JCEKS,Tutorial     2015-01-05 00:30:56


  PHP's Output Buffering


While profiling our application I came across a a rather strange memory usage by the ob_start() function. We do use ob_start() quite a bit to defer output of data, which is a common thing in many applications. What was unusual is that 16 calls to ob_start() up chewing through almost 700kb of memory, given that the data being buffered rarely exceeds 1-2kb, this was quite unusual. I started looking at the C code of the ob_start() function and found this interesting bit of code inside php_sta...

   PHP,Memory,ob_start(),source,40kB     2011-12-08 10:20:32