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  Understanding database, instance and schema in Oracle database

Oracle database is the most popular database system among enterprises. To start working on Oracle database, some concepts must be understood first. They include database, instance, schema and user etc. And among these concepts, some have different meanings from those in other database systems such as MS SQL, MySQL, DB2. On the web, there are already some good posts which explain different concepts such as Ask Tom's database vs instances, Difference between database vs user vs schema. In this pos...


  Oracle database to execute multiple statements at command line

Oracle database is now a mature and popular RDBMS which is used by lots of enterprises. With its evolution, many utilities and applications are developed around it as well. Now Oracle database also provides cloud support. As a DBA, managing Oracle database is daily routine work and some tools may be used frequently. One of them is sqlplus, the command line tool for executing SQL command. sqlplus is installed while the Oracle database is installed. To start sqlplus, one just needs to open a termi...


  Workaround size limit of phpMyAdmin import sql file

When doing website development with MySQL, we often need to do database backup and restore. For website, the data in database will grow quickly, so when we back up the database, the size of the generated sql file may be over 80MB which is the max allowed size when we want to import a sql file for restoring our database using phpMyAdmin. To workaround this limit, we need to review the documentation of phpMyAdmin. Fortunately, I found an online article written by David Pratt  which gave us a ...


  <=> operator in MySQL

Have you ever seen "<=>" in a SQL query while using MySQL? Does it mean less and equals to and greater than? Actually if you consider it as the union of <= and =>, great, you are close to it. This is one form of equal operator in MySQL, it has the similar meaning to the = operator with some subtle difference. According to MySQL documentation, <=> is NULL-safe equal. This operator performs an equality comparison like the = operator, but returns 1 rather than NULL if both operand...

1,668 2 0          MYSQL NULL SAFE <=>

  Solve Hibernate "Too many connections" issue in MySQL

When working with Hibernate and MySQL, sometimes some exceptions will be thrown after sometime. The exception may seem like : java.sql.SQLException: Data source rejected establishment of connection, message from server: "Too many connections" This means there are too many active connections on the MySQL, you can use SHOW STATUS LIKE '%Threads_connected%'; to check the active connections to MySQL. If you want to change the maximum connections allowed to MySQL. You can execute: set global max_co...

13,828 2 1          MYSQL HIBERNATE CLOS

  Some cases where MySQL cannot be started

After installing MySQL, when we try to start MySQL, sometimes we may not be able to start it. The reasons can be different. We share some general cases where MySQL cannot be started. Case 1: Directory or file permission issue If the permission is set wrongly in MySQL's $datadir and its sub directories or files, MySQL will not be able to read and write files normally. Error message: mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /usr/local/mysql/data /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe: lin...

2,301 0 0          MYSQL ERROR LOG

  CASSANDRA data model

Cassandra is an open source distributed database, it combines dynamic key/value and column oriented feature of Bigtable. Features of Cassandra are: Flexible schema, no need to design schema first, it's very convenient to add or delete strings Support range search on keys High usability, extensible. The single node error will not affect the cluster. We can think Cassandra's data model as a 4 or 5 dimensional Hash. COLUMN Columns is the smallest data unit in Cassandra, it is a 3 dimensional data...

1,554 0 0          DATABASE SORT CASSANDRA

  Select top 3 values from each group in a table with SQL

Yesterday, my friend Liu Bing asked me a question about how to select top 3 values for each person in a database table using SQL. I think this question is interesting and it deserves some thoughts. Here I record down how to solve this issue. Assume we have a table which has two columns, one column contains the names of some people and the other column contains some values related to each person. One person can have more than one value. Each value has a numeric type. The question is we want to se...

6,246 0 0          SQL CORRELATED QUERY TOP 3