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  do {...} while (0) in macros

If you are a C programmer, you must be familiar with macros. They are powerful and can help you ease your work if used correctly. However, if you don't define macros carefully, they may bite you and drive you crazy. In many C programs, you may see a special macro definition which may seem not so straightforward. Here is one example: #define __set_task_state(tsk, state_value) \ do { (tsk)->state = (state_value); } while (0) There are many this kind of macros which uses do{...}while(0)...

74,444 11          C C++ MACRO

  Do you really understand C? 21st International Obfuscated C Code Contest winning entries

The 21st International Obfuscated C Code Contest(IOCCC) officially launched the winning source code. IOCCC requires contestants to write the most creative and the most obfuscated C codes with the size limited to 4kb and less Work of each participant is impressive. The winners, including one French, one Korean, five Americans, one Belgian, one Israeli, one British, four Japanese and one Chinese. Here we list some codes: Best short program Seonghoon Kang  from Korea- Decodes spelled out ...

8,827 0          C OBSFUCATION CONTEST

  Books for entry level C programmers

In computing, C is a general-purpose programming language initially developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at Bell Labs Its design provides constructs that map efficiently to typical machine instructions, and therefore it found lasting use in applications that had formerly been coded in assembly language, most notably system software like the Unix computer operating system.To learn C, we need to read many C books and have many practices. Here we summarize a list of C books which may h...

7,447 0          C BOOK BEGINNING

  How regular expression works

Rob Pike wrote 30 lines of codes to realize a simple regular expression matcher in his book The practice of Programming. This piece of code is really cool. Let's take a look at the code.Meaning of different characters.Character Meaning c General character . Match any single character ^ Match start of a string $ Match end of a string * Match zero or many occurrences of a character /*match :Test the regexp in text*/int match(char* regexp,char* text){    if(regexp[0] == '^') ...


  C Macro Tips and Tricks

Preprocessor vs Compiler To properly understand C macros, you must understand how a C program is compiled. In particular, you must understand the different things that happen in the preprocessor and in the compiler. The preprocessor runs first, as the name implies. It performs some simple textual manipulations, such as: Stripping comments. Resolving #include directives and replacing them with the contents of the included file. Evaluating #if and #ifdef directives. Evaluating #defin...


  Which programming language should I learn first?

Recently I saw somebody asked a question in a forum, the question is "Which programming language should I learn first?". Then someone answered this question. His answer:Depends. To program in an expressive and powerful language: PythonTo get a website up quickly: PHPTo mingle with programmers who call themselves “rockstars”: Ruby.To really learn to program: C.To achieve enlightenment: Scheme.To feel depressed: SQLTo drop a chromosome: Microsoft Visual BasicTo get a guaranteed, mediocre,...


  Error handling style in C

Following are three error handling styles in C.Which one you like the most? Or you don't like any one?1. /* Problem : Not enough. Easy to be wrong */int foo(int bar){        int return_value = 0;        int doing_okay = 1;        doing_okay = do_something( bar );        if (doing_okay)        { ...


  The most stupid C bug ever

I have been programming for a number of years already. I have seen others introduce bugs, and I have also introduced (and solved!) many bugs while coding. Off-by-one, buffer-overflow, treating pointers as pointees, different behaviors or the same function (this is specially true for cross-platform applications), race conditions, deadlocks, threading issues. I think I have seen quite a few of the typical issues. Yet recently I lost a lot of time to what I would call the most stupid C bug in ...

1,883 0          C BUG COMMENT BACK SLASH