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  Hello, Kernel!

When we learn module programming, the first small program must be hello, kernel!. For a novice, how do we avoid some mistakes and how to fix the bugs we have when writing the first module program? Is there any example we can refer to? Here is one example. 1. Write the hello.c 01 #include <linux/init.h> 02 #include <linux/module.h> 03 #include <linux/kernel.h> 04 //Compulsory 05 //Module lincese declaration 06 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); ...

2,072 0 0          LINUX MODULE KERNEL


  10 tools to make your shell script more powerful

Many people mistakenly think that shell scripts can only be run in command line. In fact shell can also call some GUI components such as menus,alert dialogs, progress bar etc. You can control the final output, cursor position and various output effects. Here we introduce some tools which can help you create powerful, interactive and user friendly Unix/Linux shell scripts. 1. notify-send This command can let you inform the process to send a desktop notification to users. This can be used to send ...

4,078 0 0          GUI SHELL ZENITY


  Surface Pro available in mainland China on April 2

According to 36Kr, the Surface Pro will available in mainland China, Australia, France, Germany, Hong Kong , New Zealand and the United Kingdom starting from the end of March. Now the confirmed news is Surface Pro will be on sale in mainland China at 9:00pm on April 2 officially. The Surface Pro price in the United States is 64GB/$899, 128GB/$999. If it's the same in China, then the cheapest Surface Pro should be nearly ¥5600,the 128 GB Surface Pro will be up to ¥6200.Surface Pro configu...

2,163 0 2          CHINA SALE SURFACE PRO


  Build RPM package on Linux

1. Check the OS version and core version #uname -a #more /etc/redhat-release 2. Create relative directories /usr/src/redhat/SOURCES    //Store source codes, patches, icons etc /usr/src/redhat/SPECS        //Store specs about the process of building RPM packages /usr/src/redhat/BUILD     //File after uncompressed are stored here /usr/src/redhat/RPMS     //Store the binary files built with rpmbuild /usr/src/redhat/SRPMS&nbs...

2,997 0 0          LINUX BUILD RPM


  Linux Clock : CST,UTC and NTP setup

1. There is an option when you set up clock on installing Linux: system clock users UTC, so what does UTC mean? It's Universal Time Coordinated(UTC), there are two different times in GPS system: one is UTC , the other one is LT(Local Time). The difference between these two is just the timezone difference, UTC is the time in timezone 0. If the local time in Beijing is 8 o'clock in the morning, then UTC time is 0 o'clock, which is a 8 hour difference. 2. In Linux, when we use date to check the tim...

9,721 0 0          LINUX CLOCK UTC


  How to find which process a file is being written by in Linux?

Some people ask a file is being written by one process and they want to check this process, but they cannot find the process even with sof. This question is very common and there are many solutions, here we introduce a straightforward method. In Linux, each file will be stored on one device and of course there will be a relative inode, then we can use vfs.write to know who is writing the inode on one specified device continuously. Luckily there is inodewatch.stp in the installation package of s...

2,473 0 0          LINUX PROCESS FILE WRITE


  /dev/null and /dev/tty in Linux

In Linux, there are two special files /dev/null and /dev/tty. /dev/null will drop all the data written to it, i.e, when program writes data to this file, it means the program has completed the data write operation. But in  fact it does nothing, if you just want the status of a command but not the output of a command, this feature will be very useful. See below shell codes:     /> vi test_dev_null.sh        #!/bin/bash    if grep...

4,146 0 0          LINUX /DEV/NULL /DEV/TTY


  Convert time to Unix time

Unix time is defined as the number of seconds that have elapsed since midnight Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), 1 January 1970,not counting leap seconds. It is used widely in Unix-like and many other operating systems and file formats. It is neither a linear representation of time nor a true representation of UTC. Unix time may be checked on some Unix systems by typing date +%s on the command line. Sometimes it's a bit difficult to compare times stored in different applications or systems with ...

3,563 0 0          UNIX TIME ORACLE DATE CONVERSION TIMESTAMP