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  The tips of learning Linux kernel

  As the Linux kernel has become one of the most gigantic and complex software project in the world, its complication scare many novices away. In this post, I will give some personal experience on how to learn Linux kernel, and hope these tips can offer some help to newcomers. (1) Download vanilla kernel and install it. Yes, I suggest you can find a physical machine, or if you really don’t have one at hand, virtual machine is also OK. Download the newest vanilla k...

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  Configure static IP for Linux

When a Linux server is running, it has to have an IP so that other machines can talk to it. It is often desired that the server would own a static IP so that every time other machines want to connect to it, the same IP address would be used. This is extremely useful when there are virtual machines installed on a host machine where the virtual machine would start and stop now and then.  To configure static IP address for a Linux server, the /etc/network/interfaces needs to be updated. Assumi...

775 0 0          LINUX NETWORK STATIC IP


  Differences between bashrc and profile in Linux

After login to a Linux system, the command console will show up with a prompt label such as # or ~, a shell command can be typed after this prompt and the system can execute the command thereafter. All these operations are handled by shell. Shell is a command language interpreter that executes commands read from the standard input device (keyboard) or from a file. There are different types of shells such as bash, ksh, csh etc. The most commonly used of them is bash and it's also the de...

2,897 0 0          LINUX PROFILE BASH BASHRC .BASHRC .PROFILE


  Unix directory hierarchy history

As a beginner user of Unix or Linux, people would frequently get confused about the use of different directories of the system.  For example, there is a /bin directory under root(/), it is used to store binary files. However, there are /usr/bin and /usr/local/bin under /usr which are used for storing binary files as well. Some systems even have /opt/bin. What are the differences among them? Though there are articles explaining different directories in *nix such as Filesystem Hierarchy Stan...

3,790 1 0          LINUX HISTORY UNIX FILESSYTEM DIRECTORY HIERARCHY


  Linus Torvalds apologizes for Linux 4.8 kernel bug

On Oct 2, Linus Torvalds proudly announced the release of Linux 4.8. But just days after the release, a bug was found in the kernel and Linus came out and apologized for this bug. I'm really sorry I applied that last series from Andrew just before doing the 4.8 release, because they cause problems, and now it is in 4.8 (and that buggy crap is marked for stable too). In particular, I just got this kernel BUG at ./include/linux/swap.h:276 and the end result was a dea...

1,767 0 0          LINUX LINUX KERNEL NEWS LINUS TORVALDS BUG_ON


  Using public key authentication in SSH

SSH is a popular cryptographic network protocol for secure network service operation. It is frequently used in remote server login. For a system administrator or software developer, SSH is frequently used to access remote servers or development servers or testing servers etc.  To login with SSH, there are different authentication mechanisms : password, public key and interactive etc. If a remote server needs to be accessed frequently, password authentication may be too troublesome as p...

3,713 0 0          LINUX DEBUG SSH PUBLIC KEY


  Format JSON data on Ubuntu

JSON now becomes a very popular data format because of its simplicity and light-weight. Nowadays many RESTful APIs will offer a choice of exchanging JSON data between the server and client. Sometimes the data may not be formatted and it cannot be easily read by human beings. It's frequently desired that the unformatted JSON data should be formatted before read. Today we will show a few ways to format JSON data on Ubuntu. Assume we have a json file test.json with below content. { "title": "Test"...

2,630 0 0          UBUNTU LINUX RUBY PYTHON NODEJS PERL JSON JQ YAJL


  VirtualBox Q&A(Host OS: Windows; Guest OS: Ubuntu)

This is a Q&A post after sharing Guide for installing Ubuntu in VirtualBox on Windows 1. If the resolution of the installed guest OS on the VirtualBox is too small(For example 640x480) and you cannot adjust it through System Settings -> Display, what should you do? A: In this case, it is mostly probably you don't have the VirtualBox Guest Additions installed. You can install the Guest Additions on your guest OS by: sudo apt-get install virtualbox-guest-dkms Then restart the VM and you wil...

5,760 1 0          VIRTUALBOX HOST ONLY RESOLUTION Q&A STATIC IP