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  /dev/null and /dev/tty in Linux

In Linux, there are two special files /dev/null and /dev/tty. /dev/null will drop all the data written to it, i.e, when program writes data to this file, it means the program has completed the data write operation. But in  fact it does nothing, if you just want the status of a command but not the output of a command, this feature will be very useful. See below shell codes:     /> vi test_dev_null.sh        #!/bin/bash    if grep...

5,526 0 0          LINUX /DEV/NULL /DEV/TTY


  Convert time to Unix time

Unix time is defined as the number of seconds that have elapsed since midnight Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), 1 January 1970,not counting leap seconds. It is used widely in Unix-like and many other operating systems and file formats. It is neither a linear representation of time nor a true representation of UTC. Unix time may be checked on some Unix systems by typing date +%s on the command line. Sometimes it's a bit difficult to compare times stored in different applications or systems with ...

4,245 0 0          UNIX TIME ORACLE DATE CONVERSION TIMESTAMP


  Some useful Linux commands for teamwork

A small development team in the intranet will frequently transfer codes, share files. Here are some command we use frequently to release some of our work. They are not applicable to Windows users. 1. Output program execution output through GTalk. Sometimes we may need to send the program execution result and log to teammates for debugging using IM. These outputs are very troublesome to copy and send while in command line mode. So we could have a program called gpipe.py which can put GTalk as a p...

1,478 0 0          LINUX HTTP NFS GTALK


  Big file transfer in Linux

It's very common that we need to transfer files between two different hosts such as backups. It is also an very simple task, we can use scp or rsync to complete the task well. But what if the file is very big, it may take some time to transfer it. How can we transfer a big file with high speed? Here we propose one solution. Copy file If we copy one uncompressed file, then we should follow below steps: Compress data Send it to another host Uncompress the data Verify the data integrity This will...

6,040 0 0          LINUX SCP ZIP


  How to check why Vim is slow

On *nix, some processes may not be able to start up, software runs very slowly suddenly and software's "Segment Fault" are some issues faced by many *nix users. Here we show you how to use truss to trace why Vim becomes slow suddenly. Operating system : FreeBSD-5.2.1-releas vim version is 6.2.154, after typing vim on command line, sometimes we need to wait for a few minutes to get into the edit interface and there is no error output. After carefully checking .vimrc and all vim settings, there ar...

3,022 0 0          VIM TRUSS LINUX


  Something you may not know about Shell

Shell is also called command line interface, it is the interface between *nix users and computer. Shell is a program which provides service to access OS kernel services. This article is to introduce some not so well known but useful and interesting knowledge about shell. Wiki shell was born almost at the same time as Unix. The first UNIX shell was written by Ken Thompson in 1971 and its name is Thompson sh. It's older than Linux kernel. The default Shell in most *nix and MacOS is bash, bash was...

3,292 0 0          LINUX COMMAND SHELL UNIX


  Convert ext3 to ext4 file system on CentOS

ext3 is a journaled file system that is commonly used by the Linux kernel. It is the default file system for many popular Linux distributions, including Debian. Stephen Tweedie. On June 28, 2006, Theodore Ts'o, the principal developer of ext3, announced an enhanced version, called ext4. Today, we will show how to convert ext3 to ext4 format on CentOS. System environment: Release version : CentOS release 5.4(Final) Kernel:  Linux localhost.lo...

4,202 0 0          CENTOS EXT3 TO EXT4


  Use rsync to delete mass files quickly in Linux

Yesterday I encountered an issue to delete many log files in my Linux workstation, there were around 100,000 files to be deleted. These are log files and they grow very fast, and we need to delete them frequently. Usually we would use rm -rf * to delete these files, but we may need to wait for a relative long time if there are too many files. So we must adopt some unusual way. Fortunately, we can use rsync to delete mass files in one shot. 1. Install rsync yum install rsync 2. Create a new empty...

8,271 0 0          DEMO RSYNC DELETE FILE