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  Build RPM package on Linux

1. Check the OS version and core version #uname -a #more /etc/redhat-release 2. Create relative directories /usr/src/redhat/SOURCES    //Store source codes, patches, icons etc /usr/src/redhat/SPECS        //Store specs about the process of building RPM packages /usr/src/redhat/BUILD     //File after uncompressed are stored here /usr/src/redhat/RPMS     //Store the binary files built with rpmbuild /usr/src/redhat/SRPMS&nbs...

2,997 0 0          LINUX BUILD RPM


  Linux Clock : CST,UTC and NTP setup

1. There is an option when you set up clock on installing Linux: system clock users UTC, so what does UTC mean? It's Universal Time Coordinated(UTC), there are two different times in GPS system: one is UTC , the other one is LT(Local Time). The difference between these two is just the timezone difference, UTC is the time in timezone 0. If the local time in Beijing is 8 o'clock in the morning, then UTC time is 0 o'clock, which is a 8 hour difference. 2. In Linux, when we use date to check the tim...

9,722 0 0          LINUX CLOCK UTC


  How to find which process a file is being written by in Linux?

Some people ask a file is being written by one process and they want to check this process, but they cannot find the process even with sof. This question is very common and there are many solutions, here we introduce a straightforward method. In Linux, each file will be stored on one device and of course there will be a relative inode, then we can use vfs.write to know who is writing the inode on one specified device continuously. Luckily there is inodewatch.stp in the installation package of s...

2,473 0 0          LINUX PROCESS FILE WRITE


  /dev/null and /dev/tty in Linux

In Linux, there are two special files /dev/null and /dev/tty. /dev/null will drop all the data written to it, i.e, when program writes data to this file, it means the program has completed the data write operation. But in  fact it does nothing, if you just want the status of a command but not the output of a command, this feature will be very useful. See below shell codes:     /> vi test_dev_null.sh        #!/bin/bash    if grep...

4,148 0 0          LINUX /DEV/NULL /DEV/TTY


  Convert time to Unix time

Unix time is defined as the number of seconds that have elapsed since midnight Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), 1 January 1970,not counting leap seconds. It is used widely in Unix-like and many other operating systems and file formats. It is neither a linear representation of time nor a true representation of UTC. Unix time may be checked on some Unix systems by typing date +%s on the command line. Sometimes it's a bit difficult to compare times stored in different applications or systems with ...

3,563 0 0          UNIX TIME ORACLE DATE CONVERSION TIMESTAMP


  Some useful Linux commands for teamwork

A small development team in the intranet will frequently transfer codes, share files. Here are some command we use frequently to release some of our work. They are not applicable to Windows users. 1. Output program execution output through GTalk. Sometimes we may need to send the program execution result and log to teammates for debugging using IM. These outputs are very troublesome to copy and send while in command line mode. So we could have a program called gpipe.py which can put GTalk as a p...

1,140 0 0          LINUX HTTP NFS GTALK


  Big file transfer in Linux

It's very common that we need to transfer files between two different hosts such as backups. It is also an very simple task, we can use scp or rsync to complete the task well. But what if the file is very big, it may take some time to transfer it. How can we transfer a big file with high speed? Here we propose one solution. Copy file If we copy one uncompressed file, then we should follow below steps: Compress data Send it to another host Uncompress the data Verify the data integrity This will...

5,502 0 0          LINUX SCP ZIP


  How to check why Vim is slow

On *nix, some processes may not be able to start up, software runs very slowly suddenly and software's "Segment Fault" are some issues faced by many *nix users. Here we show you how to use truss to trace why Vim becomes slow suddenly. Operating system : FreeBSD-5.2.1-releas vim version is 6.2.154, after typing vim on command line, sometimes we need to wait for a few minutes to get into the edit interface and there is no error output. After carefully checking .vimrc and all vim settings, there ar...

2,428 0 0          VIM TRUSS LINUX