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  Workaround size limit of phpMyAdmin import sql file

When doing website development with MySQL, we often need to do database backup and restore. For website, the data in database will grow quickly, so when we back up the database, the size of the generated sql file may be over 80MB which is the max allowed size when we want to import a sql file for restoring our database using phpMyAdmin. To workaround this limit, we need to review the documentation of phpMyAdmin. Fortunately, I found an online article written by David Pratt  which gave us a ...


  <=> operator in MySQL

Have you ever seen "<=>" in a SQL query while using MySQL? Does it mean less and equals to and greater than? Actually if you consider it as the union of <= and =>, great, you are close to it. This is one form of equal operator in MySQL, it has the similar meaning to the = operator with some subtle difference. According to MySQL documentation, <=> is NULL-safe equal. This operator performs an equality comparison like the = operator, but returns 1 rather than NULL if both operand...

2,148 2          MYSQL NULL SAFE <=>

  Solve Hibernate "Too many connections" issue in MySQL

When working with Hibernate and MySQL, sometimes some exceptions will be thrown after sometime. The exception may seem like : java.sql.SQLException: Data source rejected establishment of connection, message from server: "Too many connections" This means there are too many active connections on the MySQL, you can use SHOW STATUS LIKE '%Threads_connected%'; to check the active connections to MySQL. If you want to change the maximum connections allowed to MySQL. You can execute: set global max_co...

15,255 2          MYSQL HIBERNATE CLOS

  Some cases where MySQL cannot be started

After installing MySQL, when we try to start MySQL, sometimes we may not be able to start it. The reasons can be different. We share some general cases where MySQL cannot be started. Case 1: Directory or file permission issue If the permission is set wrongly in MySQL's $datadir and its sub directories or files, MySQL will not be able to read and write files normally. Error message: mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /usr/local/mysql/data /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe: lin...

2,733 0          MYSQL ERROR LOG

  Select top 3 values from each group in a table with SQL

Yesterday, my friend Liu Bing asked me a question about how to select top 3 values for each person in a database table using SQL. I think this question is interesting and it deserves some thoughts. Here I record down how to solve this issue. Assume we have a table which has two columns, one column contains the names of some people and the other column contains some values related to each person. One person can have more than one value. Each value has a numeric type. The question is we want to se...

7,856 0          SQL CORRELATED QUERY TOP 3

  Reproduce "MySQL server has gone away" in PHP

If you want to debug the issue of "MySQL server has gone away", you can reproduce it with below steps: Modify configuration file: sudo vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf  Make below changes: [mysqld]   wait_timeout = 30   interactive_timeout = 30  Restart the service: sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart  Write below PHP codes: $link = mysql_connect('', 'root', 'root');   if (!$link)&nbs...


  How expensive is a MySQL query?

Database access speed is always the bottle neck of many applications. Many application have large amount of data to search, retrieve and display nowadays. How do we improve the performance of our applications, how do we reduce the cost of database access? Apart from the design of database, the quality of the query is also one important factor to take care.  But before that, we need to know how much network traffic a query will consume. Yunyang,Zhang from Nubee in Singapore did some research...


  Data type in MySQL

For both small free database space and large e-commerce websites, reasonable database table structure design is essential. To achieve this, it requires us to have a full understanding of commonly used data types in database system. Below we share some knowledge about data types in MySQL.1. Numeric typesThe numeric types can be classified as : integer, float and decimal type.The so-called "decimal" refers DECIMAL and NUMERIC, they are of the same type. Strictly speaking it is not a numeric type, ...

2,111 0          MYSQL DATA TYPE VARCHAR